In the shelters and caves belonging to the Vero River Cultural Park, Mallata, Barfaluy, Arpan, Chimiachas, the Fuente del Trucho and Lecina Superior, etc., in a fairly small area, these three classical styles of prehistoric art are concentrated. This is unique in the Iberian Peninsula and shows the importance of the Aragonese Rock Art.
In 1978 the cave called Fuente del Trucho was discovered in Asque-Colungo (Huesca), which was inhabited 30,000 years ago and in which there are remains of petroglyphs and pictographs, the oldest ever found in Aragon. The discovery confirmed the existence of Paleolithic Art in Aragon, which until then had only been attributed to the caves of the Cantabrian coastal region. Sadly, this cave is not visitable for now.
Along with the Cantabrian Rock Art, Aragon preserves important examples of Levantine (the Iberian Mediterranean Basin) Rock Art. The Levantine style is an eminently pictographic style of art developed in caves and shelters inhabited between 6,000 and 4,000 BC. The artists used different techniques, including the filling in of figures with plant-based pigments. They used the basic colours of red, black and white. It is characterized, above all, by pictographs depicting scenes of animals and humans in ritual acts, hunting, dance, war, etc. You will find it in the shelters of Chimiachas in Alquézar, and Arpán in Colungo (Huesca).
Schematic art is more abstract in nature. It was developed between 5,000 and 3,000 BC, by agricultural societies from between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. You’ll see their figures in shelters and caves like the one at Mallata in Colungo